American Journal of Nursing Science

Volume 5, Issue 5, October 2016

  • Therapy and Health System-Related Factors Influencing Adherence to ART Treatment among HIV/AIDS Patients in Embu Teaching and Referral Hospital Comprehensive Care Clinic

    Evangeline Kananu Njue Mugoh, Ephantus Kabiru, Joyce Mwaniki

    Issue: Volume 5, Issue 5, October 2016
    Pages: 169-174
    Received: 26 July 2016
    Accepted: 4 August 2016
    Published: 21 August 2016
    Abstract: Adherence to antiretroviral therapy is a major predictor of the survival of individuals living with HIV/AIDS. Appropriate use of antiretroviral (ARV’s) has improved the health of many human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive individuals. The effectiveness of HIV treatment depends on sustenance of high levels of adherence to ARV; however, ARV reg... Show More
  • Cervical Cancer and Screening Test (PAP Test): Knowledge and Beliefs of Egyptian Women

    Sahar M. Yakout, Salma Moawed, Essmat M. Gemeay

    Issue: Volume 5, Issue 5, October 2016
    Pages: 175-184
    Received: 30 July 2016
    Accepted: 10 August 2016
    Published: 5 September 2016
    Abstract: Cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer in women, and the seventh overall, with an estimated 528,000 new cases in 2012. In Egypt the incidence of cervical cancer is 866 per year where mortality rate is 373 per year. The current study aims to determine women’s beliefs and knowledge towards cervical cancer and Pap smear. The study was conduc... Show More
  • Preoperative Patient Assessment Practices: A Survey of Kenyan Perioperative Nurses

    Lilian A. Omondi

    Issue: Volume 5, Issue 5, October 2016
    Pages: 185-190
    Received: 1 September 2016
    Accepted: 9 September 2016
    Published: 28 September 2016
    Abstract: Background: Patients undergoing surgery are at risk of developing complications related to surgery and anesthesia amidst heightened anxiety. The key roles played by perioperative nurses in surgery, mandate them to conduct preoperative patient assessment to identify and mitigate potential complications and to plan and deliver quality perioperative c... Show More
  • Exercise Training Program and Telenursing Effects on Depression and Fatigue Level in B- Thalathemia Major Children

    Fawzia El Sayed Ali Abusaad, Mohamed Mahmoud Sarhan

    Issue: Volume 5, Issue 5, October 2016
    Pages: 191-200
    Received: 28 August 2016
    Accepted: 5 September 2016
    Published: 11 October 2016
    Abstract: Background: B-Thalassemia major considered as a serious life-threatening disease for pediatric population that causes substantial disruption in all aspects of child life. With advanced, effective management and even cure of thalassemia become possible, attention is drawn to the evaluation of depression and fatigue that accompany suffering children.... Show More
  • Evaluation of the Utilization of Catheter Associated Urinary Tract Infection Bundle Among Critical Care Nurses - Kenyatta National Hospital

    Assanga P. A., Omondi A. L., Inyama H. K.

    Issue: Volume 5, Issue 5, October 2016
    Pages: 201-212
    Received: 2 September 2016
    Accepted: 18 September 2016
    Published: 19 October 2016
    Abstract: Majority if not all patients admitted to the Critical Care Units (CCUs) have indwelling urinary catheters predisposing them to Catheter Associated Urinary Tract Infections (CAUTI). CAUTI bundle was introduced to reduce the infections whose prevalence had been high. Utilization of this bundle is considered standard gold and should be utilized comple... Show More
  • Determinants of Hypertension Complications Among Adult Hypertensive Patients in Medical Wards at Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi

    Isiaho Lillian Amugitsi, Ayieko A. O., Omuga B. O.

    Issue: Volume 5, Issue 5, October 2016
    Pages: 213-221
    Received: 17 September 2016
    Accepted: 27 September 2016
    Published: 26 October 2016
    Abstract: Hypertension is a silent killer disease owing to the late recognition of symptoms. Uncontrolled hypertension is the primary risk factor for stroke, heart failure and kidney failure in sub Saharan Africa. Control of hypertension is associated with a larger reduction in morbidity and mortality. Efforts to address the complications associated with hyp... Show More
  • Effect of Early Nursing Preparation on Anxiety Among Patients Undergoing Cardiac Catheterization

    Samira E. Aboalizm, Nahid F. El Gahsh, Samah E. Masry

    Issue: Volume 5, Issue 5, October 2016
    Pages: 222-231
    Received: 1 October 2016
    Accepted: 12 October 2016
    Published: 31 October 2016
    Abstract: When patients are hospitalized for diagnostic methods, including cardiac catheterization, the anxiety increases. Therefore, treating these reactions can speed up recovery and decrease of anxiety that causes cardiac complication. Study evaluates the effect of early nursing preparation on anxiety among patients undergoing cardiac catheterization. A q... Show More